This slide show describes the causes of melanoma and the signs to watch for (called the ABCDEs of melanoma). It also provides an overview of how melanoma is staged, what you should do if you notice any signs, and the steps you can take to protect your skin and prevent melanoma.
This slide show describes the tests and procedures doctors use to diagnosemelanoma. It explains skin examination, skin biopsy methods (punch biopsy, excisional biopsy) lymph node biopsy methods (fine needle aspiration biopsy, sentinel lymph node biopsy, excisional lymph node biopsy), and imaging tests (MRI, CT scan, PET scan, ultrasound). This animation also provides an overview of how melanoma is staged (how far the cancer has spread). Knowing the stage helps doctors decide how to best treat your melanoma and predict your prognosis, or outlook.
This slide show explains the current treatment options for melanoma. You can find out about surgery (wide local excision, sentinel lymph node biopsy), immunotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, vaccines for melanoma, and clinical trials. This slide show also describes possible treatment side effects. It's important to discuss all treatment options with your doctor or cancer care team, so you can make the best decisions that are right for you.
This slide show provides an overview of genetic changes or cellular mutations in moles of the skin which can help determine the best melanoma treatments for each patient. A genetic mutation in these cells due to excess sunlight, or family inherited genes results in increased risk for the development of melanoma. Melanoma mutations promote cancer by helping cells stay alive, grow, and divide; they occur in high levels in tumor cells. A pigmented lesion assay (PLA) adhesion patch test can help diagnose melanoma at a very early stage. It is important to talk with your doctor about whether genetic testing for melanoma risk is right for you.strong> is right for you.
This educational activity has been developed by the Melanoma Research Foundation (MRF), and Mechanisms in Medicine Inc.
This activity is supported by independent educational grants from Bristol-Myers Squibb, DermTech and Genentech.
This website is part of the Animated Patient™ series developed by Mechanisms in Medicine Inc., to provide highly visual formats of learning for patients to improve their understanding, make informed decisions, and partner with their healthcare professionals for optimal outcomes.